mortgage Lending

    Makeing Home Lending Easy For YOU!

  • About Royce Sharp

    Royce Sharp

    Branch Manager
    NMLS# 279723

    Northpointe Bank

    Native of Birmingham, my career in financial services began in Loan Servicing back in 1998 in our lovely city. From Escrow Analysis to Loan Processing, my experience provided the sound foundation for my career in Loan Origination.


    The VA loan is pick of the litter, providing 100% financing without monthly private mortgage insurance fees. I love working with my First Time Home Buyers. It is such fun to share the experience of buying one's first home. If you want to purchase or refinance your home, please call Royce Sharp today.



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    How is my interest rate determined?

    Two challenging questions that surround every loan are - How does a lender determine my interest rate? What can I do to ensure I get the best possible rate? To answer these questions, we must consider three criteria on which a lender bases their decision.


    Credit Rating - The credit score is the most important point in mortgage lending. The credit score is not the only aspect considered in lending, however in most cases it is the most crucial. Lenders will also look for multiple late payment occurrences over the last two years.


    Ratios - Secondly, the borrower's monthly obligations (this does not include utilities, phone, or items generally not reported on a credit report) are calculated and reviewed by lenders. Two ratios are determined, front-end and back-end. For most lenders, a "grade A" conventional loan is one in which a borrower has a front-end ratio less than 28% and a back-end ratio less than 36%. For example, a borrower has a gross monthly income of $4,000, a car payment of $350, a credit card payment of $55, and a new house payment of $1,000. The calculations are as follows:


    •    $4,000/1,000 = 25% Front-end Ratio
    •    $4,000/1,405 = 35% Back-end Ratio


    Down Payment - Thirdly, the lender factors in the amount of a borrower's initial down payment. The less money spent on the down payment means a higher interest rate charged by the lender. Simply stated, more risk for the lender equals a higher rate for the borrower. Even if a borrower has perfect credit and wants to put 0% down, their rate will generally be about ½% higher than a person who puts 10% down.



    What are discount points?

    enders generally charge discount points for the following purposes. 1 discount point equals 1 percent of the loan amount. Discount points are used to lower the interest rate. The discount fee is normally charged as a line item on your HUD or settlement statement at the time of closing.

    How much should my closing costs be?

    Your closing costs depend on the type of loan you decide is best for you. Depending on your home state, you normally pay the following amounts.

    • Origination Fee: 1% of the loan amount - cost of establishing a loan
    • Discount Points: Used to lower the interest rate (refer to Discount Points section above) 
    • Appraisal Fee: Dependent  on the house size 
    • Credit Report Fee: Charge for pulling your credit report from the credit bureaus (Refer to Credit Report question in this FAQS section)
    • Underwriting Fee: Payment to the end investor for services provided 
    • Processing Fee: Payment to the lender for services provided 
    • Flood Certification Fee: Certification that your property is not in the 100 yr. flood zone
    • Title Charge: Payment to the title company for closing your loan 
    • Title Policy: 1% of purchase price depending on the state (the seller normally pays) 
    • Recording Fee: Payment for filing fees depending on the state 

    Many of these costs are third party charges and cannot be negotiated by you or the lender.

    What is the purpose of a credit report?

    An important key point a loan officer considers when helping you decide which lender/program is best for you is to view your credit. The purpose of this report is to pull your credit history from each of the three major credit-reporting agencies: Equifax, Experian, and Trans Union. Your lender is required to use outside companies to acquire your credit report, as they are impartial to the findings on your credit report. Your account balances and account history on your report are verified. You will be provided with a "credit score”.

    What is the difference between Conventional and FHA loans?

    There are many differences between conventional and FHA loans. In this portion we will outline some of the major differences for you.

    On FHA loans, the minimum down payment is 3.5%. On a conventional loan, the down payment must be at least 5%. Additionally, the money on a conventional loan must be "seasoned" (60 days in the bank) prior to purchasing the home or be proceeds from the sale of your existing home.


    A FHA loan requires an upfront Mortgage Insurance payment; a Conventional loan does not. Both do require monthly Mortgage Insurance premiums based on the LTV.


    The taxes will be the same on either type of loan. A common mistake is that people believe is their taxes will vary depending on the loan they choose. The title company that closes the loan submits the taxes directly to the lender. If you reside in an attorney state, your representation is the one who orders the tax certificate from the appraisal district. Taxes reported to the lender will be included in your monthly loan payment. There is no mark-up or service charge over and above the actual tax amount.


    Homeowner's insurance works the same as taxes. You pay the lender for your policy amount on a monthly basis. The lender will escrow this amount and send it to your insurance company at the end of the year when renewal is due.


    Interest rate differences will vary depending on the lender you choose. Most importantly, ALWAYS ask for the lowest rate for the type of loan you are obtaining.


    The principal and interest portion of the payment is calculated by configuring the loan amount (MIP rolled into the balance on FHA) and term into an amortization schedule to calculate the payment amount.

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  • The Mortgage guy Blog

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    Suite 440S
    Birmingham, AL 35243
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